This genus contains about 400 species of evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs and climbers. Used for its foliage and berries since Roman times, Ilex - or Holly as it is commonly known - has long been associated with festivals, including Christmas because of its bright red, round berries.
In the majority of species, male and female flowers usually grow on separate trees, thus plants of both sexes are required for the production of berries. However, some of the new cultivars are self-fertile, such as Ilex burfordii which has white flowers which look stunning against the dark, green glossy foliage and which are followed by bright red berries. This makes a great specimen shrub and is also excellent for hedging.
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Hollies prefer acid soil that is moderately fertile, well drained and humus-rich. Some hollies will grow in part shade, but most require full sun, especially the variegated ones which need the sun to show their two-tone colours to best effect.
Due to the fact that many species have spiny, thorny points on the undulating leaves, the Holly makes an excellent protective hedge. Hollies also respond well to pruning.
Beautiful dark glossy foliage of a blue green hue on dark purple stems makes this upright variety of holly a very attractive plant. As it is a male form there are no berries, plant female 'Blue Angel' to ensure pollination. Good hedging or topiary.
Flower Colour: White Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 2m x 1.5m
This handsome variety has relatively long leaves marked in grey and edged in cream and purple stems - a very clean variegation. Compact, dense evergreen tree or shrub with purple young shoots. Nice small white flowers followed by red berries. Evergreen.
It is female and free fruiting but will require a male within bee travelling distance for the small white flowers to produce numerous red berries.
Flower Colour: White Habit: Dense Compact Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 6m x 4m
An unusual and desirable form of the hardy and ever reliable Holly. Very dark green leaves - can be used for hedging, topiary or as a background plant. Easy to grow just about anywhere but happiest in a sunny open spot. Evergreen.
Fabulous form and foliage make this Holly a useful and desirable plant. Growing naturally in a tight upright column it looks great in containers or can be used as an accent point. Happy in sun or part shade. Small white flowers followed by black berries but these are fairly inconspicuous. Evergreen.
This is also a useful plant where a narrow screen or hedge is required, it will do the job without dominating or becoming a constant trimming problem.
Flower Colour: White Habit: Columnar Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 2m x 0.5m