Simply Magnificent! Magnolias are a very ancient genus with fossilized remains showing their presence on earth even before the honey bee arrived. As a result of this you will find that Magnolias are usually pollinated by some form of beetle. The genus was not actually called Magnolia until the 17th century when they were named after a French professor of Botany called Pierre Magnol. Deciduous Magnolias are from Asia and evergreen Magnolias are mostly from America.
These days a strong influence on the development of the genus comes not from France, Asia or America but New Zealand. The Jury family from Taranaki and Oswald Blumhardt from Northland have raised many highly desirable hybrids and introduced them to the world. If you want to plant a New Zealand bred deciduous Magnolia look for such delights as "Athene", "Atlas", "Iolanthe", "Vulcan" and "Star Wars" to name just a few.
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Once you have chosen a Magnolia or 3 then this is one tree that must have the correct planting position. This is important for many reasons, not the least being that they resent being moved. The trees do not have a tap root but their fibrous roots are sensitive to disturbance. Do your best to choose a sunny position away from strong cold winds. Magnolias can tolerate frost, however a late frost in spring could damage the emerging flower buds.
The soil must be free draining and if possible rich with organic matter. If your soil is poor, add some compost, rotted leaf mould or peat and mix in well. As with many trees with fibrous roots, Magnolias don';;;;;t like their surface roots getting too hot so they will thank you for a nice layer of mulch aplied just before summer. They are acid lovers, so a side dressing of acid fertilizer aplied in early spring will also keep them hapy. You can buy especially formulated acid fertilizer from any good garden centre. Never aply lime. Water well during dry periods.
Magnolias need space to grow to really show off their beauty so consider this when planting. Little pruning should be required other than to maintain a nice shape.
Now sit back and wait for spring when the bare branches of deciduous Magnolias will be covered with beautiful large goblets with a tantalizing perfume. The colour choice ranges from crisp white, softest to deepest pink, ruby red, wine red and warm yellow.
Evergreen Magnolias have large scented cream flowers that apear in summer and autumn. In contrast to the above they are far more tolerant of wind and can cope with more moisture in the soil. Whilst I adore the deciduous Magnolias I respect the evergreen cultivars and would not be without them in the garden. The large dark green glossy foliage with tactile russet under-felt always looks good. Top that off with beautiful waxy cream flowers with a fresh fruity fragrance and you have a very handsome specimen tree. Definitely on my top 10 list.
Magnolias should not be overlooked in any planting scheme; I certainly would not consider creating a garden without them.
A Magnolia is a Symbol of Beauty and Sweetness. Its Planet is Venus and its Power is Fidelity. One of the earliest magnolias to bloom. They need a sheltered spot and fertile, well-drained, acid soil. A small bushy tree bearing fragrant star shaped white flowers with many petals opening from silky buds in spring. Very beautiful and suitable for a small garden.
Colour: White Habit: Upright rounded Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 1.5m x 1.5m
Star Magnolia. An award winning Magnolia and deservedly so. Pale pink 'shaggy' star like blooms with a multitude of petals appear from late winter. The blooms are softly fragrant and fade to white. Fresh green summer foliage, compact habit. Likes a sheltered spot and acid soil. Est.10yr.growth.
Colour: Pink / White Habit: Compact Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 1.5m x 1.5m
Star Magnolia. This little sweetie is ideal for those of you with small gardens or for filling a little corner. Masses of soft pink buds open to white blooms with a hint of pink at the base. Flowers in spring. Prefers a sheltered spot and acid soil. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
Colour: Pink / White Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 2m x 2m
Rosea is a popular variety with star-shaped, light pink flowers with a lovely scent. As it blooms on bare branches early in the spring it looks amazing when placed in front of an evergreen shrub, e.g. holly,escallonia, griselinia or any bright green conifer, to fully expose the beauty of its flowers. Ideal as a free-standing specimen. 1.5m
Colour: Pink Habit: Rounding Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 4m x 3m
Star Magnolia. A strong, upright large shrub that flowers in late winter. The blooms open from soft pink buds and are large, fragrant, snowy-white and star-like. Green foliage. Plant in a sunny, sheltered spot in acid soil for best results. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
Colour: White / Pink Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 2.5m x 2m
Awarded an Award of Garden Merit in 1993 this is a lovely deciduous shrub that is quite vigorous and hardy. The silky pink buds open to reveal white shaggy star shaped flowers set against attractive bare branches. Fresh, dark green foliage follows. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
As with most Magnolias 'Waterlily' likes to be protected from strong wind. If planted in full sun mulch the roots well to keep them nice and cool.
Colour: White / Pink Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 3m x 2m
An unusual Magnolia with elegant, tulip shaped, soft yellow blooms that are lightly perfumed. Quite a vigorous grower that establishes itself quickly. Certainly becoming a favourite for Magnolia lovers. Plant in a sheltered spot in acid soil for best results. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
Colour: Yellow Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 5m x 4m
A showy and worthy addition to any garden. A tall multi-branched shrub that simply flowers it head off. The blooms are deep reddish violet with white interiors with the added bonus of a soft fragrance. Plant in acid soil and shelter from harsh winds. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
Colour: Purple / White Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 3m x 1.5m
Another beautiful NZ Hybrid bred by Vance Hooper that will intoxicate you with large blooms of wine red that make a stunning display in late winter. Happiest in acid soil with shelter from strong winds. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
Colour: Red Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 6m x 4m
This beautiful Magnolia is indeed a sweetheart with large soft pink blooms with a deeper pink centre. Developed in NZ by Mr Peter Cave. The flowers are fragrant and appear from late winter until spring. Plant in a sunny, sheltered spot in well drained acid soil. Deciduous. Est.10.yr.growth.
As this Magnolia has a columnar habit i.e. narrow upright growth it is a perfect choice for smaller gardens.
Colour: Pink Habit: Columnar Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 5m x 3m