Shrubs, along with trees, form the backbone structure of the garden design. They provide huge variation in their form, adaptability, tolerance and usage. They are selected for the colour of flower or foliage and for the shapes that they create, either naturally or by pruning. Shrubs lend themselves well to the formation of Topiary and Hedges.
Although some people regard shrubs as miniature trees, they have completely different growth habits. Some can sucker themselves and send creeping underground stems which root and thereby propagate themselves, whilst others renew themselves after hard pruning.
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From broadleaf evergreens to deciduous shrubs, from flowering shrubs to those valued chiefly for their foliage or twigs, the diversity amongst this group of plants is infinite. When considering creating a feature or focal point with a shrub, take into consideration its habits – if you want it to retain its emphasis in the design, make sure it is an evergreen. If you want a shrub to make a splash of colour that is ongoing, check the length of the flowering period.
Some shrubs are best planted in groups for bold effect. Plant in groups of odd numbers – 3, 5, 7. There is a wide range of shrubs that are quick and dense growing and that are therefore ideal for use as hedges. The native species particularly, lend themselves to this purpose. Try Corokia, Griselinia, Pittosporum varieties.
Small, low-growing shrubs such as lavender and thyme are often termed sub-shrubs; a natural plant community dominated by shrubs is called a shrubland. An area of cultivated shrubs in a park or garden is known as a shrubbery.
There is an ideal shrub for every purpos: for acting as a screen, for privacy, for softening the lines of the house, for releasing fantastic fragrance or simply for looking beautiful. Come into the Nursery and consult with Harry, Lloyd or Sol – they have heaps of fabulous ideas.
A stunning Leucadendron that looks good all year round. Stems of brilliant flame red flower bracts make a real statement and are irresistible for picking. Deserves a prominent position in a warm sheltered spot in the garden. Prefers acid soil and protection from harsh frost. Evergreen.
Leucadendrons are low nutrient plants i.e. they don't like a lot of fertilizer especially those with nitrogen and phosphate. If in doubt leave it out.
Colour: Red Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 2.5m x 2m
If you've got a hot dry spot in the garden that needs some permanent colour then this compact evergreen shrub could be the plant for you. Stems of leathery foliage topped off with flower bracts that turn from yellow that turn red in early spring that are perfect for picking. Protect from harsh frost. Groundcover.
Colour: Red / Yellow Habit: Groundcover Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 100cm x 100cm
A popular female cultivar valued for the showy rosette shaped bracts that decorate the shrub in late winter. The bracts are in tones reddish-cream and surround the small brown flower-head. Happiest in a well drained, sunny position in acid soil. Protect from harsh frost.
Do not be tempted to fertilize your Leucadendron with artificial fertilizers that have phosphate or high nitrogen as it will give them a fatal case of indigestion.
Colour: Cream / Red Habit: Compact Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 100cm x 100cm
An attractive new hybrid with lovely stems of terminal off yellow flowers in late spring. Has a neat tidy growth habit. Ideally suited to open sunny situations in a free draining acidic soil. Prune back well after flowering to enhance flower production next season.
A rounded shrub belonging to the Protea family. The branches are covered in a smooth grey bark and has small inverted lance shaped greyish leaves. The flower heads are usually dark orange and face downwards during flowering. Flowers appear October to December.Evergreen and a great lover of hot and dry.
Colour: Dark Orange Habit: Bushy Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: cm x cm
A designer's delight. The unique, undulating dark green leaves of this evergreen shrub are thick and leathery and add architectural interest to any planting scheme. Use as a feature plant in the garden or a special container. Outstanding as a hedge. Hardy, compact and easy care. Evergreen.
Colour: White Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 1.5m x 1.5m
Bushy evergreen shrub with tiny oval deep green leaves. Small creamy white fragrant flowers in summer. Often used as a faster growing Box substitute. Ideal for topiary work and very effective for hedging. Fast growing and hardy.
If you want to quickly establish a nice compact low hedge then this is the plant for you. Lonicera needs a little more clipping than Box but it is very easy to maintain. When used for hedging or topiary then the flowers and fruit will be non existent.
Colour: Cream Habit: Compact Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 2m x 3m
An attractive, spreading form of Lonicera with fresh bright green new leaves slowly turning to a deeper green upon maturity. The cream flowers are fragrant and are followed by clusters of violet berries. Easy to grow in most conditions. Clips well, ideal for topiary. Evergreen.
Lonicera pileata is best treated as a foliage shrub and with its low spreading habit it is good to use as a background plant for banks and borders as well as Topiary. Tolerant of coastal conditions.
Colour: Cream Habit: Spreading Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 60cm x 2.5m
An attractive and easy care shrub with arching branches of deep burgundy wine foliage. In spring and summer dark pink 'fringed' flowers appear and these carry a pleasant fragrance. Easy to grow in sun or part shade, prefers well drained soil. Presented here as a topiary standard.
Colour: Pink Habit: Arching Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: Std
This medium sized bushy shrub has light green foliage that matures to a darker green. Spidery blooms of creamy white cover the tree in spring and give and overall delicate beauty. Pendulous arching growth habit. Grow in a sunny spot in well drained acid soil for best results.
Colour: Cream Habit: Arching Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 100cm x 100cm